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8個Photoshop常見錯誤(以及如何避免)

我們都想自稱Photoshop大師,但實際上,我們有改進的空間嗎?這裡列出了一些常見的錯誤,這些錯誤會令設計師生產力下降,以及防止他們去了解他們的創意潛能…

在這裡,我們概述了8個設計師使用Photoshop時最常見的錯誤。如果你發現自己也犯上了,是時候作出改變了……

We all like to think we’re Photoshop gurus, but is there room for improvement? We list the common errors that slow designers down and prevent them realising their creative potential…

Here, we outline eight of the most common mistakes designers make when using Photoshop. If you recognise any of these in your own workflow, it’s time to make a change…

1. 無法使用快捷鍵

 


 不要去繞遠路!使用現有的快捷鍵,或者創建自己的 

學習使用捷徑,是設計師用以節省時間的一個極其重要的方法。你可以在這裡下載得到我們的Photoshop快捷鍵列表 (Shortcut key)

這可能聽起來好像要付出很大努力,但學習他們將令您的工作事半功倍。您也可以在Photoshop中創建自己的快捷鍵,只要選擇”Edit”,然後”Keyboard Shortcuts”就能做到。你甚至可以更進一步,創建自己的Photoshop script。

2. 忘記定時儲存檔案

在任何的軟件操作中,常常發生一個共同的錯誤-有些人常常會忘記儲存檔案,並因此在停電或硬件故障中,失去了所有已完成的工作進度。我們一直都能夠編造最具説服力的藉口,令我們相信其實我們有定時存檔。不過…誠實一點吧…你有嗎?

3. 沒有使用Layers和Folders

 


 沒有建立足夠​​的layer是一個初學者常見的錯誤 

Photoshop中的一個主要功能-Layer,令項目更便於編輯、複製和達到更多效果。初學者常常不會用足夠的Layer,令他們往往後悔其實可以更快地重做某個步驟。

很多經驗的設計師都知道不應落入這個陷阱,但他們仍然常常不能正確地管理他們的Layer和其結構。同樣地,這乍看又是大量不必要的工序,但它會幫助您去保持項目結構整潔,並在長遠來說,可節省您很多時間。另外,如果你需要將你的工作交給另一名設計師,他們會很感激你。

4. 作出永久性的調整

你最好使用Layer Masks,而不是Eraser tool

就如第3點中說到,在無法回到過去的步驟的情況下去做一些永久性的素像改變,是一個典型的錯誤。為了避免這種情況,最好使用的使用Layer Masks,而不是Eraser tool。此外,使用Smart Object,而不是Rasterized Layers。

5. 過分依賴素材

有時候一個設計師在Photoshop使用素材去處理一個項目是合理的。但有時,親自去拍攝或者繪畫會更好(甚至更快)。當你使用素材,確保圖像是相關的,和如有需要,活用P​​hotoshop去改善它。

6. 一開始就CMYK

 


 

不要以為CMYK永遠是打印工作最好的選擇

不管你信不信,用Photoshop的CMYK mode設計並不是最好的選擇,尤其是當它涉及到打印工作。在設計過程中,使用CMYK可能有所限制,某些功能和filter並不對應,檔案亦會變得更大。有時RGB mode的色彩打樣是一個以證實的更好選擇,然後你大可在接近尾聲的階段將文件轉換成CMYK mode。

7. 過分修飾

我們都看過不少的例子,設計師過分熱心地使用Photoshop中的airbrush。無論是去除雜訊或令模型看起來更平滑,都不應太得意忘形地試圖使圖像太「完美」。反常地,做得太過火實際上將使它看起來很假,或者並不有趣。

8. Photoshop是萬能的

Photoshop是不是唯一的工具:其他應用程序,如Illustrator,可能做得更好

Photoshop是一個非常靈活的工具,但不一定是完美的軟件,做得到所有的設計任務。例如,如果你要創建一個基於矢量的標誌,Illustrator會做得更好。許多網頁設計師認為,Fireworks在網頁設計上是比Photoshop更好的選擇。

相關課程

Photoshop 與 Illustrator 平面設計文憑課程 (CEF Approved)

1. Failing to use shortcuts   


Don’t go the long way round – use existing shortcuts or create your own

Learning shortcuts is an enormously important way to save time and enery as a designer. You can download our Photoshop shortcuts card from here

It might sound like a lot of effort but learning them will increase your workflow exponentially. You can also create your own shortcuts in Photoshop by selecting Edit and then Keyboard Shortcuts. You can even go further and create your own Photoshop scripts.

2. Forgetting to save regularly

A common mistake people make when working in any software is forgetting to save, and consequently losing all your work when there’s a power cut or hardware malfunction. The lies we tell ourselves are always the most convincing, so it’s easy to believe that we DO save regularly. But come on, be honest…

3. Not using layers and folders  

Not creating enough layers is a common beginner’s mistake

A central feature of Photoshop, layers make a project easier to edit, duplicate and more. A common mistake that beginners make is to fail to create enough layers, only to regret it later when they realise it’s quicker to start again than edit what they’ve done. 

More experience designers know not to fall into that trap – but what they still often fail to do is to organise their layers and structure them into folders properly. Again, this may seem like a lot of unnecessary work, but it will help massively keeping your project organised and save you much time and hassle over the long term. Plus, if you ever have to hand over your work to another designer, they’ll love you for it.

4. Making permanent adjustments  


You’re usually better off using Layer Masks rather than the eraser tool

Similar to point 3, making permanent adjustments to the pixels within projects without the ability to go back and change things at a later time is a classic mistake to make. To avoid this, you’re usually better off using layer masks instead of the eraser tool.  Also, use smart objects rather than rasterized layers. 

5. Relying too much on stock imagery

There are times when using stock photography makes sense for a designer working on a project in Photoshop. At other times, it’s much better (and may even be quicker) to shoot or illustrate the image yourself. When you do use stock photography, make sure the images are relevant and that you use your Photoshop smarts to improve the image where necessary.

6. Defaulting to CMYK 

Don’t assume CMYK is always the best option for print work

Believe it or not, designing in CMYK mode in Photoshop is not always the best way to go, especially when it comes to print work. Using CMYK during design can be limiting, as certain functions and filters do not work, and the file size will be bigger. Sometimes working in RGB mode with colour proofing on is a better way to work, and then the file can be converted to CMYK closer to the final stages. 

7. Going overboard with retouching

We’ve all seen examples where a designer has got a bit overzealous with the airbrush in Photoshop. Whether we’re talking about removing ‘clutter’ from a landscape or smoothing a model’s skin, it’s important not to get too carried away with trying to make an image too ‘perfect’. Paradoxically, going too far down that road will actually make it look fake and uninteresting.

8. Using Photoshop for everything 


Photoshop is not the only tool: other apps, such as Illustrator, may do the job as well or better

Photoshop is a very versatile tool, but isn’t necessarily the perfect software for every design task. For example, if you’re creating a vector-based logo, you’re much better off using Illustrator. Many web designers argue Fireworks is a better option for web design than Photoshop.

Related Training

Diploma in Graphic Design with Adobe Illustrator & Adobe Photoshop (CEF Approved)

June 3, 2013

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