Yesterday, news.gov.hk reported the issue of BIM development in Hong Kong.
The on-going growth of infrastructure developments in Hong Kong, should have created a golden time for the pioneers of BIM to show much help on projects. It can be foreseen that, BIM can have a chance to be developed into a fundamental technology in the constructional industry. If you can grasp the skill required, it is believed that you will usher in the “golden times” it can provide in the near future.
Below is the original report，轉貼自：http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/201301/30/P201301300290.htm （政府新聞網，2013年1月30日） 立法會五題：建築信息模擬技術的應用 ＊＊＊＊＊＊＊＊＊＊＊＊＊＊＊＊＊ 以下為今日（一月三十日）立法會會議上謝偉銓議員的提問和發展局局長陳茂波的書面答覆： 問題： 隨覑創 新科技及環保建築的發展，工程界現時可利用建築信息模擬（ＢＩＭ）技術，透過三維資訊系統整合各工程設計及施工圖，令施工更協調及資源運用更妥善，並可減 少不必要的工程損耗、錯漏及翻工。ＢＩＭ技術可應用於各類基建項目及樓宇的建造、管理和維修工程。然而，有工程界人士指出，儘管ＢＩＭ技術在很多先進國家 和地區已被廣泛應用，但由於政府在推廣和應用該技術方面有欠積極，以致該技術在香港的應用落後於其他地方。就此，政府可否告知本會： （一）目前，是否所有公共工程項目在進行時已應用ＢＩＭ技術；若是，當局就如何設計和應用ＢＩＭ技術向政府部門提供的指引詳情為何；若否，原因為何； （二）有否在政府外判工程項目合約加入應用ＢＩＭ技術的條款；若有，至今有多少份合約已加入該條款，以及當中屬顧問合約及建造合約的數目和百分比分別為何； （三）會否規定將來所有公共工程項目及政府外判工程項目在進行時均須應用ＢＩＭ技術；若會，具體的規定為何；若否，原因為何； （四）有否就應用ＢＩＭ技術對進行工程項目的效益進行全面的評估；若有，結果為何；若否，會否進行評估； （五）當局有否就進行公共工程項目時應用ＢＩＭ技術為公務員提供培訓；若有，培訓的對象、已接受培訓的人員數目及每年涉及的開支為何；及 （六）當局會否加強推動ＢＩＭ技術的發展和應用，並推行公眾宣傳和教育，讓社會大眾認識該項技術及其應用在進行工程項目的效益；若會，具體的內容為何？ 答覆： 主席： 隨覑ＢＩＭ技術的發展日趨成熟，本港已有公共及私營工程項目採用該技術，當中較多是建築工程項目，土木工程項目則相對較少。在公共工程項目方面，我們會 歸納已應用ＢＩＭ技術的項目所得到的初步經驗，並繼續推行更多不同類型和規模的先導項目，作為日後評估ＢＩＭ技術在公共工程項目的可應用範圍和成本效益的 根據。我們亦會考慮制定相關指引、加強培訓和提供其他合適的配套措施，以便利在公共工程項目應用ＢＩＭ技術。 就問題的六個部分，我現答覆如下： （一） 公共工程項目種類十分廣泛，並涵蓋不同複雜程度的工程。據了解，ＢＩＭ技術的優點較容易在相對複雜的建築工程項目顯現。對於較簡單的工程，例如鋪設喉管、 興建地面道路和斜坡加固等，應用ＢＩＭ技術所帶來的好處較少。此外，現時ＢＩＭ技術仍未能完全取代在公共工程項目中的整個作業流程。例如在工料測量方面， 現時市場上的ＢＩＭ應用軟件仍未能按公共工程項目的標準運算各類工料的數量。因此，我們目前並沒有要求所有公共工程項目在進行時應用ＢＩＭ技術。 （二）現時共有五份公共工程項目合約已加入應用ＢＩＭ技術的條款，例如「中環灣仔繞道─銅鑼灣避風塘段隧道工程」項目。在五份合約當中，建造合約佔三份（即佔總數的百分之六十），而顧問合約佔兩份（即佔總數的百分之四十）。 （三） 及（四）如以上第（一）部分所述，ＢＩＭ技術的優點應用在複雜的工程項目比較明顯。因此，我們計劃選擇一些此類型的項目作為先導項目，當中包括正處於設計 階段和施工階段的項目，以評估應用ＢＩＭ技術於公共工程項目的成本效益。為更能掌握ＢＩＭ技術的實際應用，部分選擇的項目將會是由工務部門的內部員工進行 設計及建造合約管理。評估的範圍包括ＢＩＭ技術對設計質量、施工安全以及項目持份者（如工程顧問和承辦商）之間的協調等範疇的效益。我們會根據評估的結果 和ＢＩＭ技術的最新發展，進一步考慮制定在公共工程項目應用ＢＩＭ技術的策略。 （五）在二○一二年，已有約２００名任職於工務部門的公務 員接受了有關ＢＩＭ技術的培訓。已接受培訓的公務員主要是專業人士和技術人員，而當中專業人士和技術人員的人數約各佔一半。在二○一二年，涉及ＢＩＭ技術 培訓的開支共約六萬元。隨覑應用ＢＩＭ技術的先導項目數目增多，我們會為更多相關公務員提供合適的培訓，透過工作實踐和培訓課程，讓他們對該技術有更深入 的認識。 （六）我們計劃就覑在先導項目所得的經驗，透過舉辦座談會等形式，與業界持份者分享，藉此促進社會大眾對ＢＩＭ技術及其應用效益 的認識。此外，建造業議會已成立了一個工作小組，主要商議制定推動建造業使用ＢＩＭ技術的策略。我們會聯同建造業議會向業界推廣ＢＩＭ技術的應用及其應用 效益。 完 ２０１３年１月３０日（星期三） 香港時間１２時４６分 quoted from: http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/201301/30/P201301300294.htm (news.gov.hk Jan 31, 2013)
LCQ5: Application of building information modelling technology
Following is a question by the Hon Tony Tse and a written reply by the Secretary for Development, Mr Paul Chan, in the Legislative Council today (January 30):
With the advancement of innovative technology and development of green architecture, the engineering profession may now employ building information modelling (BIM) technology to consolidate various project designs and working drawings through the three-dimensional information system, thus enhancing project coordination and resource utilisation, and reducing unnecessary wastages and losses, errors and omissions, as well as the need for remedial works in the projects. BIM technology may be applied to various kinds of infrastructural projects, as well as the construction, management and repair works of buildings. However, some members of the engineering profession have pointed out that while BIM technology has been widely adopted in many advanced countries and regions, the application of such technology in Hong Kong lags behind other places because the Government has not taken an active role in promoting and applying BIM technology. In this connection, will the Government inform this Council:
(a) whether BIM technology is applied in carrying out all the public works projects at present; if so, of the details of the guidelines provided by the authorities to government departments on how to design and apply BIM technology; if not, the reasons for that;
(b) whether it has included terms on the application of BIM technology in outsourced government works contracts; if so, of the number of contracts with such terms included so far, and among these contracts, the respective numbers and percentages of consultancy contracts and construction contracts;
(c) whether it will make mandatory in future the application of BIM technology in carrying out all the public works projects and outsourced government works projects; if so, of the specific requirements; if not, the reasons for that;
(d) whether it has conducted comprehensive assessment on the effectiveness of applying BIM technology in carrying out works projects; if it has, of the assessment result; if not, whether it will conduct such an assessment;
(e) whether the authorities have provided civil servants with training in applying BIM technology in carrying out public works projects; if they have, of the target trainees, the number of staff members trained and the annual expenditure incurred; and
(f) whether the authorities will step up their efforts in promoting the development and application of BIM technology, as well as launching public promotion and education campaigns to enable the community at large to understand BIM technology and the effectiveness of its application in carrying out works projects; if they will, of the details?
With the growing sophistication of BIM technology, it has been adopted in both public and private works projects in Hong Kong. Many of these projects are building works projects whilst civil engineering projects are relatively less. With regard to public works projects, we will review our initial experience in its application and roll out more pilot projects of different types and scales for assessing its scope of application and cost-effectiveness in such projects in future. We will also consider formulating related guidelines, enhancing training and providing other appropriate complementary measures to facilitate its application in public works projects.
My reply to the six parts of the question is as follows:
(a) Public works projects cover a very wide range of works that vary in type and complexity. As understood, the benefits of BIM technology are more apparent in delivering relatively complex building works projects. For those relatively simple works such as pipe laying, at-grade road construction and slope upgrading, the merits of adopting BIM technology are relatively less. Besides, BIM technology cannot completely substitute the whole workflow in delivering public works projects. A case in point is quantity taking-off. The existing off-the-shelf BIM application software cannot compute the quantity of various construction materials according to the standards adopted in public works projects. In view of the above, we do not require BIM technology to be adopted in carrying out all public works projects at present.
(b) There are a total of five public works contracts that have incorporated provisions on using BIM technology in the contracts. They include the “Central-Wan Chai Bypass – Tunnel (Causeway Bay Typhoon Shelter Section)” project. Among the five contracts, construction contracts accounted for three (60% of the total) and consultancy contracts accounted for two (40% of the total).
(c) and (d) As noted in paragraph (a), the benefits of BIM technology are more apparent when it is applied to complex projects. Hence, we plan to select some such projects, including those at the design and construction stage, as pilots in order to assess the cost-effectiveness of the technology in public works projects. To facilitate a better understanding of the technology’s practical application, some of the projects to be selected would be designed and with the construction contract managed by in-house staff of works departments. The scope of assessment includes the merits of BIM technology in terms of design quality, works safety and coordination among project stakeholders (e.g. consultants and contractors). In the light of the assessment results and the technology’s latest developments, we will further consider the strategies for applying BIM technology in public works projects.
(e) In 2012, about 200 civil servants in works departments have received training related to BIM technology. The trained civil servants are mainly professional and technical staff of roughly equal number from each of them. Training in respect of BIM technology cost about $60,000 in 2012. With the increase in the number of pilot projects applying BIM technology, we will provide more civil servants with appropriate training, and help them gain more in-depth understanding of the technology through practical application and training courses.
(f) We plan to share our experience in the pilot projects with industry stakeholders through such means as seminars to promote the public’s understanding of BIM technology and the effectiveness of its application. The Construction Industry Council (CIC) has set up a working group to mainly discuss the strategies for promoting BIM technology in the industry. We will work with the CIC to promote the application and benefits of BIM technology to the industry.
Ends/Wednesday, January 30, 2013
Issued at HKT 12:42